Therapeutic ultrasound is a modality that has been used by physiotherapists since the 1940s. Ultrasound is applied using the head of an ultrasound probe that is placed in direct contact with your skin via a transmission coupling gel.

Therapeutic ultrasound has been shown to cause increases in:

  • healing rates
  • tissue relaxation
  • tissue heating
  • local blood flow
  • scar tissue breakdown.

The effect of ultrasound via an increase in local blood flow can be used to help reduce local swelling and chronic inflammation, and, according to some studies, promote bone fracture healing. The intensity or power density of the ultrasound can be adjusted depending on the desired effect.

A greater power density (measured in watt/cm 2)  is often used in cases where scar tissue breakdown is the goal.

Clinical application

  • Pain relief
  • Ligament injury
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Soft tissue injuries
  • Inflammation of the skeletal muscles (myositis)
  • Prolonged inflammation
  • Adhesion formation
  • muscle spasms
  • Haematoma
  • Capsulitis
  • Joint stiffness
  • Scar tissue
  • Calcified tendinitis
  • Swelling
  • Sports injuries